Fighting the Separate Car Laws

Fighting The Separate Car Laws

    "We haven’t much freedom in Texas and there is so much to discourage us, but we mean to keep on trying. Colored boys and girls can not even sit in a railroad car with white boys and girls though we behave as well as they do…" (letter to Tourgee from children at Colored School #1 in Dallas Texas, 1893)

Whether referred to as "segregation” or "accommodation”, the notion of race as a distinguishing feature among American citizens created a self-fulfilling prophecy of assigning different values to different people across the country; resulting in different treatment based primarily on those values.

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1894 NYS Constitution does not adequately define civil rights, now responsibility of judges 1894 NYS Constitution does not adequately define civil rights, now responsi ...

From May through September 1894, the New York State Legislature convened to ... read more

Court cases challenge separation in public establishments Court cases challenge separation in public establishments

Ironically, it was a small cadre of foreign-born and first-generation Ameri ... read more

Invisible Empire becomes visible, as more laws passed which segregate in the South Invisible Empire becomes visible, as more laws passed which segregate in th ...

A. E. P. Albert, Editor of the Southwestern Christian Advocate based in New ... read more

John Gray Lucas uses sarcasm to pass a bill against Separate Car Law in Arkansas House John Gray Lucas uses sarcasm to pass a bill against Separate Car Law in Ark ...

And in February, 1891, Tourgée received a letter from John Gray Lucas, a t ... read more

Racial prejudice ironies and inconsistencies Racial prejudice ironies and inconsistencies

The ironies and inconsistencies found in the social arena of race prejudice ... read more

Anger was shown by African Americans Anger was shown by African Americans

But the reality of the situation often aroused more anger than expressions ... read more

Tennessee, Virginia & Georgia Railroad Company court case Tennessee, Virginia & Georgia Railroad Company court case

He took his case to court, on behalf of his wife and children read more

Anti-Separate Coach Movement Anti-Separate Coach Movement

There were others intent on making the separate car laws a very public issu ... read more

Citizens’ Committee to Test the Constitutionality of the Separate Car Law Citizens’ Committee to Test the Constitutionality of the Separate Car Law

The Crusader newspaper, established in 1889, with Louis A. Martinet as publ ... read more

Tourgée appointed as the lead counsel for Citizens’ Committee Tourgée appointed as the lead counsel for Citizens’ Committee

About one week later, Martinet again writes to Tourgée to let him know tha ... read more

1892 Homer Adolph Plessy case 1892 Homer Adolph Plessy case

In June, 1892, Homer Adolph Plessy, a New Orleans resident whose ancestry w ... read more

Doubts arising with national mood on segregation Doubts arising with national mood on segregation

In 1895, two significant events took place that seemed to impact the direct ... read more

Tourgée’s oral argument on citizenship Tourgée’s oral argument on citizenship

Tourgée’s oral argument was hastily prepared after he abruptly learned t ... read more

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